- Amid this inferno Nicaragua, the poorest country in mainland Latin America, is remarkably safe. Whereas Honduras's murder rate in 2010 was 82 per 100,000 people, the world's highest in over a decade, Nicaragua's was just 13, unchanged in five years.
- Nor does Nicaragua spend much on prisons: it jails just 120 people per 100,000, compared with 390 in El Salvador.
- Nicaragua, the poorest of the bunch and with just as bloody a history, is one of the safest countries in the hemisphere. Analysts say it has to do with its approach to fighting crime.The country's homicide rate is a fraction of what it is in Honduras and while children from El Salvador and Guatemala are streaming north, Nicaragua is keeping its youth at home.
- 1 USD = 27.8 Nicaragua Cordoba (NIO)
- Nicaragua's diverse geography, intense energy and anything-goes attitude is perfect for exhilarating outdoor adventures. Get ready to check a whole gamut of new experiences off your list including: surfing down an active volcano, diving through underwater caves, canoeing through alligator-infested wetlands, swimming across sea channels between tiny white sand islands and landing a 90-plus-kg tarpon beneath a Spanish fortress in the middle of the jungle. There's no signs, no crowds and no holding back.
- Whether it's dipping your toes into the crystalline Caribbean or paddling out to the crashing waves of the pounding Pacific, Nicaragua's beaches always deliver the goods. The big barrels of Rivas are revered in surfing circles while the clear waters of the Corn Islands are superb for snorkeling. More sedentary beach bums can choose between accessible slices of sand lined with fine restaurants and happening bars or natural affairs backed by a wall of rainforest. Even the best beaches in the country are refreshingly free of development, so you can experience them just as nature intended.
Nicaragua and South Pacific Region
- The country's name is derived from Nicarao, the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lake Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large Lake Nicaragua (or Lake Cocibolca), the largest in Central America, and Lake Managua (or Lake Xolotlán), as well as lagoons and rivers in the region. That’s why Nicaragua is commonly known as the “Land of lakes and volcanoes”, because of its 25 volcanoes, 6 of them are active.
- In a country that remains 80% undeveloped, travelers can enjoy an incredible variety of experiences ranging from hiking or zip lining through rain forests and jungles, discovering deserted beaches, diving untouched reefs, climbing active volcanoes, visiting the Spanish colonial cities of Granada and Leon, surfing world-class waves or just simply exploring the unexplored. All make Nicaragua an increasingly popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists.
- The country is primarily divided into three regions: the North-Central Mountains, the Pacific Coast and the Atlantic Coast. Located in a wide isthmus that separates the Pacific Ocean and Lake Nicaragua and close to the border with Costa Rica, the department of Rivas has many natural and historic attractions, as well as two of the most visited destinations: San Juan del Sur - with its several beaches - and the volcanic island of Ometepe. The beaches of rivas department such as Playa Maderas, Playa Hermosa, Playa Colorado, are among the most known in Nicaragua, either for their beauty or powerful waves.